Failure of House Paints from Moisture - Part 3: Solutions
We have reached part 3 of our 4-part series on failure of house paints from moisture. We are now ready to solve the problem and implement solutions. We will conclude with tips on repainting in the final blog.
- If outside water is getting in, the following steps will block its entry:
- Apply a water-repellent preservative to all joints before repainting. Repaint with a nonporous primer and top coat.
- Calk or putty open joints and cracks after treating with water-repellent preservatives and priming.
- Repair any and all roof leaks.
- Check eave troughs and downspouts for leaks, cleanliness, pitch, and capacity. Watching their performance during a heavy rain can be very revealing. Downspouts should empty into splash blocks to drain the water away from the building.
- Do not allow ice to form on roof edges and valleys. Removing the snow from the roof, increasing the insulation in the ceiling, and increasing ventilation in the attic will prevent ice dams.
- When re-roofing, lay a strip of rolled roofing under the new shingles along all horizontal roof edges. This will give further protection if ice dams form.
- Apply nonporous primer to areas that have peeled down to the wood.
Inside Water Vapor
If the paint failure is caused by cold weather condensation, the following procedures will help.
Increase the resistance to penetration of vapor by painting the ceilings and the interior surfaces of the outside walls. If remodeling and including new paneling, a polyethylene film place over the surfaces to be covered will be effective.
If the paint is peeling on the gable ends, increase the insulation and ventilation in the attic. The total screened area for attic venting purposes should be approximately 1/225 of the ceiling area of the house. A minimum of 6 inches of dry insulation should be maintained on the attic floor.
Reduce the humidity. Shut off humidifiers and properly vent gas heaters, clothes dryers, and kitchen exhaust to the outside – not to an enclosed garage. A vapor barrier/ground cover in the crawl space will cut down on moisture entering the building from below.
About the Author:
Todd Shupe is the President of DrToddShupe.com and is a well recognized expert on wood-based housing and building materials, wood decay and degradation, and wood science. Shupe worked as a professor and lab director at LSU for over 20 years. He is active in several ministries including his Christian blog ToddShupe.com. Todd is the President of the Baton Rouge District of United Methodist Men, and Board Member for Gulf South Men and a Team Leader for The Kingdom Group. He is a volunteer for the Walk to Emmaus, Grace Camp, and Iron Sharpens Iron. Todd is a Men’s Ministry Specialist through the General Commission of United Methodist Men and is in training to be a Certified Lay Minister through the Louisiana Conference of the United Methodist Church.